There are 2 main reasons to use a Binary Heap, which was created by J.W. J. Williams in 1964 for heapsort.
Why Use Binary Heaps ?
- For instant access to the largest value in the case of a Max Heap or the smallest value in the case of a Min Heap. By “instant access” I mean constant time or O(1) for you computer scientists. This just means that we know where the value will be which is in the root of the tree or at the start of the array, depending on which data structure you are using.
- Useful for priority queues or schedulers, where the earliest item is desired. A practical application for this may be prioritizing patients at a hospital to work on with the highest priority
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